This chapter provides background information on the research topic. The first section provides a general overview of the anthropology of sports with sub-headings of anthropologists and their contributions to the study of sport and the body in the anthropology of sport. The second section provides a description of sport studies. The third section of the chapter sheds light on the meaning and application of sport. The fourth heading provides literature on relevant subjects to the anthropology of sports and sport studies. Finally, the fifth heading provides concluding thoughts for the chapter.
2.2 General Overview of the Anthropology of Sports
The anthropology of sport refers to
“the application of the methods and perspectives of anthropology to the study of sport. It is grounded in the basic tenets, distinctive methodologies and theoretical assumptions of anthropology. The anthropology of sports is also tied to the idea that sports are an institution and a component of culture” (Coakley and Dunning 2004:151).
The anthropology of sport involves the collection and analysis of data, which require a theoretical orientation as well as systematic methodology. The relationship between theory and method is that they are interdependent (methodology is always linked and operates around a theoretical idea) (Blanchard 1995). The anthropology of sport deals with problems of social, and cultural change (Coakley and Dunning 2004:150). Understanding sport as an institution and an element of culture is important to informed participation in modern democratic society (Blanchard 1995).
Like all the social sciences, researchers working in the anthropology of sports operate within paradigms, models,...
... middle of paper ...
...festyle, passion, culture, tradition, ritual, and beliefs, of the Balinese people. The cockfight was a display of social, political, and economic class and status. Honor meant much more to the Balinese than the money they gambled, making the stakes in the fights very high. The men of Bali were psychologically, emotionally, metaphorically, and physically attached to their prize fighting cocks. They invested their time and resources on their most priced assets-their cocks. Cocks were identified with and also a reflection of their owner (Geertz 1972).
Since Geertz’ study of deep play, anthropologists have become more interested in the study of sport. Notwithstanding, the number of researchers remains fairly small. Notable sport anthropologists include John MacAloon, Joseph Alter, Eduardo Archetti, Susan Brownell, Noel Dyck, and Alan Klein (Lithman 2004:19; Klein 2014).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team In the field of Anthropology, there have been numerous studies on soccer and the different social plays that the sport contains. Groundbreaking and controversial writings such as Marcelo Mario Suarez-Orozco’s, A Study of Argentine Soccer: The Dynamics of Its Fans and Their Folklore (1982) study the fans and symbolism that surround the game. However, a key element that is often disregarded by anthropologists is the players themselves. Dismissed as the realm of journalists, most studies seem to shy away from the social interaction and symbolism that occurs within the team, and instead focus on how the fans view the game and the games role and sym... [tags: Anthropology Sports Athletics Essays]
3818 words (10.9 pages)
- ... Music, of the arts, allows for people to come together and socialize. People of all different races, ethnicities, and cultures can come together through the art of music. “Whoever controls the media, controls the mind,” Jim Morison. Media truly can control people’s minds. Politics and media coincide with one another. The media portrays who they want to win elections, and which bills they support and do no support. With the media choosing which to and not to support, it teaches the people listening to follow the decisions of the people speaking through the media on these subjects.... [tags: Olympic Games, Summer Olympic Games, Art]
1152 words (3.3 pages)
- The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings.... [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]
1119 words (3.2 pages)
- Cultures have many things in common. Most things that cultures have in common are necessary to survive, such as fire and language. But there are always even more than the things necessary. Some things include music, luck superstitions, and athletic sports. In the Chinese culture, music is usually traditional. There are instruments made of many materials, usually stone and wood, in addition to silk, bamboo, clay, and many other materials. The purpose of music in Chinese culture is not to amuse but cleanse one?s thoughts.... [tags: essays research papers]
530 words (1.5 pages)
- During the Spring of 2012, The University of Southern Mississippi's basketball team made their first appearance at the NCAA tournament since 1991. The team played against Kansas State University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During the second half of the game, Kansas State was defeating the University of Southern Mississippi, due to their freshman point guard Angel Rodriguez who contributed many points. The Wildcats were leading the game by 70-64. As Angel Rodriguez was performing a free throw, some University of Southern Mississippi prep band students chanted “Where's your green card?” This incident made national headline news and labeled the band students of the University of Southern Missi... [tags: Anthropology ]
1546 words (4.4 pages)
- There is a lot of conflict to the question “is anthropology a science?” A lot of this conflict leads from defining what a science is, in the dictionary science is, “a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws.” (Dictionary.com, 2011) Anything that can be studied is considered a science. Without science anthropology would be nearly impossible to study, science makes everything quantifiable.... [tags: Anthropology ]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- Anthropology encompasses four main aspects in the field: archaeology, linguistics, physical anthropology, and cultural anthropology. All four areas must collect data and find a way to interpret the data collected. Data is then interpreted with the use of theories. The data would be useless to any anthropologist without any meaning. Theory helps an anthropologist choose what data to collect and how to interpret the results. Authors McGee and Warms assert that theory “helps us think about who and what we are as human beings,” (2).... [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Sociology]
1358 words (3.9 pages)
- Urbanization is the process of life for many and the desired way of life for many others. Human beings both inhabit urban and rural areas today all over the world. Many people may be disappointed with the development of an increasing number of urban areas. Many peoples once rural areas are now swallowed up directly as cities sprawl outward. The effects of urbanization both positive and negative get examined in the following paragraphs. In addition, who is most effected by urbanization and who plays a role in preventing and/or properly planning development will also be revealed.... [tags: Anthropology ]
1818 words (5.2 pages)
- Anthropology - Lucy in Hadar In a search to find our ancestors, several anthropologists have found evidence to support their conclusions. In the films about Don Johanson's discovery of Lucy in Hadar, one may be very intrigued by the first film but very disturbed by the second film. I was very intrigued by the findings of the Australopithecines. The idea that Lucy, the skeleton found in Hadar, Africa, was closely related to the human species was amazing. Lucy was bipedal and her brain was smaller than that of modern humans.... [tags: Anthropology]
557 words (1.6 pages)
- Anthropology Today In society today, the discipline of anthropology has made a tremendous shift from the practices it employed years ago. Anthropologists of today have a very different focus from their predecessors, who would focus on relating problems of distant peoples to the Western world. In more modern times, their goal has become much more local, in focusing on human problems and issues within the societies they live. This paper will identify the roles anthropologists today play, such as where they perform the bulk of their work, and what it is they do in both problem solving, as well as policy making.... [tags: Anthropology]
1735 words (5 pages)