Over the last thirty years, Shakespeare criticism has demonstrated a growing awareness of the self-reflexive or metadramatic elements in his works. Lionel Abel’s 1963 study, Metatheatre: A New View of Dramatic Form, provided perhaps the first significant analysis of the ways in which Shakespeare thematizes theatricality, in the broadest sense of the term, in his tragedies, comedies, and histories. In his discussion of Hamlet, he makes the observation—perhaps a bit commonplace and obvious to us thirty years later—that the famous “play within a play” is only the most blatant example of self-conscious technique found throughout the tragedy: once we begin to look closely, we notice that nearly “every important character acts at some moment like a playwright, employing a playwright’s consciousness of drama to impose a certain posture or attitude on another” (46). Elsewhere in his book, Abel argues implicitly that Shakespeare, though he often used metadramatic techniques more in the interest of developing character than creating “an event,” the way later playwrights do, nevertheless composed plays which “are theatre pieces about life seen as already theatricalized” (60). In making such statements, Abel laid the groundwork for a number of subsequent studies, from Thomas F. Van Laan’s Role-Playing in Shakespeare, which appeared in 1978, to Judd D. Hubert’s more recent Metatheatre: The Example of Shakespeare.
Critics following Abel’s lead have been especially interested in Shakespeare’s second tetralogy. James L. Calderwood, for instance, reads the Henriad as Shakespeare’s reflection not only on a period of British history during which political authority, political “truth,...
... middle of paper ...
...l. Metatheatre. New York: Hill and Wang, 1963.
Calderwood, James L. Metadrama in Shakespeare’s Henriad. Berkeley: U of California P, 1979.
Dean, Leonard F. “Richard II: The State and the Image of the Theatre.” PMLA 67 (1952): 211-18.
Eagleton, Terry. Literary Theory. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1983.
Glasser, Marvin. “The Poet and the Royal Persona: Lyrical Structures in Shakespeare’s Second Tetralogy.” Modern Language Quarterly 50 (1989): 125-44.
Hubert, Judd D. Metatheatre: The Example of Shakespeare. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1991.
Lacan, Jacques. Ecrits: A Selection. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Norton, 1977.
Shakespeare, William. Richard II. Shakespeare: The Complete Works. Ed. G. B. Harrison. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1948. 430-67.
Van Laan, Thomas F. Role-Playing in Shakespeare. Buffalo: U of Toronto P, 1978.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Greek Mythology is the study of the stories and legends of ancient Greek life. They are fictional stories used to teach and provide context on everyday occurrences, such as nature, health, but most importantly, love. The love myths of ancient Greece are far more different than anything we know of today. The myths featured competitive world views, such as homosexuality. There are other psychological ideas apparent in Greek myths. Using the book Mythology by Edith Hamilton, the myths of Narcissus, Amor and Psyche, and Pygmalion and Galatea include the ideas of narcissism, impulsiveness, and the impact of expectations appear many times.... [tags: legends, narcissism]
1000 words (2.9 pages)
- For my paper I chose to study Buffardi and Campbell’s study on narcissim and the correlation the two have one another their study was published in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and it was titled “Narcissism and Social Networking Web Sites.,” written by Laura E. Buffardi and W. Keith Campbell. In the study, Buffardi and Campbell introduce research that examines how narcissism is externalized on a social networking Web site like Facebook (1303). Facebook, the social networking website that was used in this study gives people the opportunity to create an online persona through their own personal Web page.... [tags: Narcissism Essays]
867 words (2.5 pages)
- ... These people consider attention and praise their birthright and tend to be easily angered when they do not receive it. Often, narcissistic people are also manipulative and cocky. These individuals are power-driven and usually have a motive for doing something. Unfortunately, most narcissists long for the spotlight, where they can receive the most attention, and will not hesitate to use the people they consider lower than them to reach their goals. On the other hand, confidence is a healthy amount of self-esteem that allows a person to express themselves properly and be comfortable in their own minds and bodies.... [tags: Narcissistic personality disorder, Narcissism]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- The personality disorder, narcissism, was named after the Greek mythological figure Narcissus. The myth goes that Narcissus was so indulged in self-love that he gazed and fell in love with his own mirror image, refusing to leave he died beside his own reflection. In “The Double” by Dostoevsky, the protagonist too suffers from narcissism, an obsession with his own self. This self-obsession manifests itself as he finds himself reflected by the life around him, driving himself mad over the lack of control and grief of these reflections.... [tags: narcissism, narcissus, the double, glyadkin]
1849 words (5.3 pages)
- There are many similarities that can be drawn between the rich of the 20s and the rich of today. There is supposedly a dream that Americans can rise from the bottom to the top, and be the happiest people in the world. But, Jimmy Gatz the poor farm boy who rises from the clutches of poverty to the ranks of the super wealthy was never content. Gatsby throws lavish parties, yet he is never truly happy, and lives in ignorance of the conditions that affect the impoverished. Gatsby lived through conditions at a farm in North Dakota that should happen to no one, but that does not excuse the attitude that he has adopted towards the poor.... [tags: gatsby, narcissism, rich, income inequality]
1555 words (4.4 pages)
- ... In turn, the results from the target paper can provide an indication to the personality disorder that may develop in adulthood if narcissistic traits, for instance, are not addressed from any early age. Nonetheless, the claim that the target paper makes about individuals who upload more photographs of themselves are more likely to be extraverts is not entirely accurate. The purpose of having Facebook is to upload photographs and statuses for people to see, which is particularly beneficial for those with friends and family who they do not see often.... [tags: Narcissistic personality disorder, Narcissism]
1371 words (3.9 pages)
- ... This is the quote that shows that Iago will never truly serve Othello because he thinks that he is the better man for the task. Iago confirms this by saying “One Michael Cassio… That never set a squadron in the field, Nor the division of a battle knows”; this quote is Iago says that he should have been promoted because he has seen battle with his own country and he is also mad because he got three letters of recommendation. Iago also consistently proves he has an inability to empathize with anyone when he says "In following him, I follow but myself" (I, I, 58).... [tags: Narcissistic personality disorder, Narcissism]
1006 words (2.9 pages)
- Narcissism is the egotistic sense of self-importance, but paradoxically underneath this attitude, the narcissist is simply a victim of a fragile low self-esteem. It is the underlying sense of inferiority that is the real problem of the narcissist, and their pretense is just a disguise used to cover their deeper feelings of inadequacy. Since narcissists are often incapable of asserting genuine self-meaning, they seek admiration from others because they desire acceptance and approval (as we all do) but lack the ability to find any from within.... [tags: Narcissism Essays]
438 words (1.3 pages)
- A. The Loved Enemies - an Introduction An oft-overlooked fact is that the child is not sure that it exists. It avidly absorbs cues from its human environment. “Am I present?”, “Am I separate?”, “Can I be noticed?” – these are the questions that compete in his mind with his need to merge, to become a part of his caregivers. Granted, the infant (ages 0 to 2) does not engage in a verbal formulation of these “thoughts” (which are part cognitive, part instinctual). This nagging uncertainty is more akin to a discomfort, like being thirsty or wet.... [tags: Narcissism Essays]
9000 words (25.7 pages)
- ‘Shakespeare’s plays reflect not life but art.’ Make use of this remark in writing an essay on Shakespeare’s use of Metadrama. Shakespeare constantly plays with metadrama and the perception of his plays as theatre and not life with the complications inherent that in life we all play roles and perceive life in different ways. The play has recognition of its existence as theatre, which has relevance to a contemporary world that is increasingly aware of precisely how its values and practices are constructed and legitimised through perceptions of reality.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
2629 words (7.5 pages)