Your search returned over 400 essays for "anthropology"
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Race As An Independent And Dependent Variable Within The Social Sciences

- There is a push and pull relationship between race as an independent and dependent variable within the social sciences which creates a cyclical overarching sense of idealism. The social sciences study human society and the relationships which make that up. Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, and Anthropology combine within the social sciences, they work together on the broad topic of race to from both analytical perspectives and individual understandings of what constitutes race and how that changes the way society as a whole respond to it....   [tags: Anthropology, Sociology, Psychology]

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The Anthropological Theorists Of Clifford Geertz And Julian Steward

- In this research I will discuss the anthropological theorists of Clifford Geertz and of Julian Steward in regards to their ideas of culture, the environment and specifics related to each theorist ideas such as meaning and behavior. A brief overview of their respective backgrounds will be given to frame the discussion and add context to Geertz and Stewards perspectives .Furthermore, this paper will connect the ways other theorists have influenced Geertz and Steward in shaping their own understanding of culture and theories related to culture....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Sociology]

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Implementing Sustainability Practices in Javakheti-Highlands of Georgia

- With the political transformation in the former Soviet republics of Minor and Central Asia, a fundamental socio-economic reorganisation took place. Within this process ecological and economic claims often stand in contradiction to each other. As the access to natural resources as well as strategies of securing livelihood have changed and receive new significance and awareness, new challenges for the local ecosystems and their biodiversity arise. In particular, in the high mountains areas of the crisis-ridden Caucasus region the degradation and transformation of sensitive alpine steppe ecosystems is proceeding rapidly, mainly due to unregulated pasturing (Williams et al., 2011) and climate ch...   [tags: environment, biodiversity, anthropology]

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Political Organization : A Social Organization

- Political organization Another aspect of social groups is political organization. According to Karl G. Heider the author of Seeing Anthropology through Film, political organization can be defined as the structure of a social unit in terms of the allocation of power among individuals, roles, and groups. (Heide, pg. 450) When defining the political organizations we can look at power as the ability to get other people to do things for them. In addition, actual power can be look at physical force, which implies the use or the threat of physical force and influence....   [tags: Sociology, Political philosophy, Anthropology]

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The Ethical Issues Involved During Fieldwork Among Peoples Who Have Had Little Contact With Outsiders?

- ... The destruction of their world was like a slow death. The miners sped up this process by murdering any Yanomami that interfered or by flattening villages that blocked progress. Roads were constructed that severed social and political connections between villages, disrupting trade, relationships, and dispute resolution. The manner in which anthropologists conduct research can also affect the well-being of a people. Open-minded and objective observation complemented by cultural relativism should be the hallmarks of a cultural anthropologist....   [tags: Culture, Indigenous peoples, Anthropology]

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Coming Of Age : A Different Type Of Anthropological Work Than Harris '

- ... For instance if a child is beaten by her father, it is perfectly socially acceptable for her to move to another household (ibid: 32). The parent-child relationship is also not as strong and fundamental in Samoa, but instead Samoan children have a number of role models (ibid: 144). Another factor Mead points to is the homogenous nature of Samoan society, which she argues limits the amount of difficult choices about identity Samoan have to make compared to American children, who are faced with an array of, “different and mutually exclusive standards”....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Ruth Benedict]

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Why Do So Many Chinese Dislike Milk, And Milk Products?

- Taleen Alawadi In his essay, “What is Culture?”, Kluckhohn explains the differences and similarities amongst world’s peoples. To support his explanation of the differences and similarities he provides the concept of culture. It is difficult to give this concept a precise definition because the word “culture” is a broad term. Kluckhohn allows the reader to understand the concept of culture by providing examples of cultural differences along with some anthropological evidence to support his views....   [tags: Culture, The Culture, Human, Anthropology]

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Marcia Langton's Study of the Aborigines of Australia

- Dr. Marcia Langton, an anthropologist from Australia of Australian Aborigines descent, spoke at the Berndt’s lecture in 2011. Her article, Anthropology, Politics and the Changing World of Aboriginal Australians, focuses primarily on the works of an anthropologist couple Robert and Catherine Berndt. They had completed many ethnographic studies in various areas around Australia. Langton states that their work has been crucial in order to have a complete understanding of the Australian Aborigines’ society....   [tags: Anthropology, Alcohol Abuse]

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Native American Burial Grounds & Ossuaries in Canada

- Canada is a diverse country, home to many different peoples and cultures. It can easily be said that Biological Anthropology is one of the main reasons that we have learned so much about the many people who have lived in Canada. This can certainly be said when one thinks of all we have learned of the First Nations peoples’ through this method. However, in Canada there exists such an Act known as the Cemetery Act. This act protects many things, one of which being the protection of aboriginal burial grounds and ossuaries....   [tags: Anthropology, Diversity, Ontario]

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The Origin of Language in Human Evolution

- Language is a complex system evolved from animal cognition system not from animal communication, suggesting that only humans with complex brain system were capable of developing (Ulbaek, 1998). Whereas other animal species communicate through vocalised sounds, songs, or gestures specially primates such as apes. Similarly gestures and hand gestures were the form of communication used by early hominids, but Homo habilis and Homo erectus started to use vocalisations and decreasing the frequent use of simple hand gestures for communication....   [tags: communication, linguistic system, anthropology]

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Perspectives of Enlightenment and Victorian Anthropological Theory

- The study of anthropology has undergone several transformations in the theoretical standpoints in its pursuit to understand human differences. During the discipline’s early history, these theories revolved around the indigenous people that Europeans encountered during their explorations. One of these shifts is illustrated in the variation in the declaration of the Enlightenment philospher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who stated, “Man is born free, and everywhere in chains” and Victorian anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor’s assertion that “Life in the Uncivilized World is fettered at every turn by chains of custom”....   [tags: anthropology, human differences, utopia]

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The Effects Of Syphilis On Human Relations

- Anthropology helped open our minds and better understand different cultures and verity of norms that vary from ordinary to extraordinary between the divers cultures. It helped the people to understand one another and build mutual respect to one another’s culture and belief. Anthropologists throughout the world are expanding the knowledge and help the interconnection of people worldwide by research and field observation to show the way people live and practice their believe. This has helped many to understand and cope with other on an economic and political level....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Sociology]

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Narrative Analysis : ' Illness Narratives '

- Narrative analysis within anthropology has been predominantly associated with research appertaining to ‘illness narratives’, defined by Kleinman (1988) as stories people afflicted with illness tell, and their significant others retell, to accordingly express an orderly sequence of events over the course of suffering. Atkinson (1997:331), however, criticised this interpretation of the illness narrative for introducing an “isolated actor who experiences and narrates as a matter of private and privileged experience”....   [tags: Sociology, Anthropology, Culture, Identity]

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Interpretation Of Cultures By Clifford Geertz

- Paper # 4 In part four of Clifford Geertz “Interpretation of cultures,” he begins by explaining Ideology within culture. He states the ideology is not as realistic as it should be. Ideology is a system of ideals that have produced fields in the political and social realm. Geertz says that ideologies have become so far removed from reality because the sciences only look at specific aspects of problems. Ideology is then broken into “strain” theory and “interest” theory. The interest theory is the belief that “ideas are weapons” highlighting people who use ideas to get to the top, at least this was my interpretation of it....   [tags: Anthropology, Sociology, Western culture]

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Katherine Dunham: Activist, Anthropologist, Dancer

- Katherine Dunham not only significantly contributed to the rise of modern dance, but she was also a pioneer in the field of dance anthropology; and a staunch political and social activist. Dunham was born in Chicago, Illinois and primarily raised in nearby Joliet, Illinois. Dunham first became interested in dance when she was a teenager and trained with Ludmilla Speranzeva, formerly of the Moscow Theatre, Vera Mirova, Mark Turbyfill and Ruth Page in Chicago before and during her college education....   [tags: dunham school, dance anthropology]

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Historical Interpretation Of International Conflict

- 1. The Past in the Present: Historical Interpretation in International Conflict History is an important element of international studies and its purpose is to compile an accurate representation of the past. The subject of history is often broken into different categories, such as political and diplomatic, economic, labor, cultural and social, intellectual, and environmental history. The past can be discovered or recorded through written, oral, or visual means. While some aspects of history, such as an event and when it took place, may be “set in stone”, causation of an event is often debated between historians....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Sociology, Geography]

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What Makes History Good For?

- ... One of the most important ideas for anthropologists (and sociologists, I suppose) to hold in mind is the understanding of their own “ethnocentric” bias’s when they attempt to understand other cultures and peoples of the past (and the present.) Ethnocentrism in anthropology essentially means to judge and perceive other cultures by the standards, norms, and values of the culture you were raised in. The reverse of this in anthropology is cultural relativism: the idea that people’s values, behaviors, and culture should only be understood within the context and terms set by that culture....   [tags: History, Culture, Anthropology, Agriculture]

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Anthropological Study of Gay Culture

- Around the world, anthropologists study different cultures and traditions from various nations. Relating back to our Anthropology class projects, our group decided to pick a field site that has to do with gay people. After putting much thought and decision, we came to the decision of making our field site a gay bar/lounge. We visited the bar at least 5 times until we knew exactly every important detail for our project. During our 5 visits we did case studies, surveys, structured interviews, direct observation and participant observations....   [tags: Anthropology Class Project]

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Cultures as Systems of Interconnections

- How do cultures work. This is a question that has baffled anthropologists since the origin of the discipline. Although anthropologists acknowledge that a culture has to be understood in its own right (Carrithers 1992, 3), when analysing certain cultures, anthropologists have found that there are similar social organisations within cultures, but every culture seems to have a different approach to categorising aspects of their culture within these seemingly similar constructions (Eriksen 1995, 5)....   [tags: anthropology, behavioral science]

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Jung and Freud On Dreams

- Why do people dream. What do dreams mean. What relevance do dreams have. What relevance, if any, even if nothing more than chemical activity while asleep. Are dreams a mystical message from a greater source. Are dreams merely biological work. Why are some dreams and fragments remembered while others are forgotten. How does one understand dreams. All of these questions and more have been raised by people for as long as human beings have been around on the Earth (Springett, 2000). The proceeding is just a partial listing of the questions that may be asked by people even today, as dreams continue to remain a great mystery....   [tags: psychology, sociology & anthropology perspectives]

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The Origin Of Prehistoric Artifacts

- Since its first introduction and application to archaeology in the late-nineteenth and early- twentieth century during the classic evolutionary ideology era where it was heavily utilized to establish the human origin of prehistoric artifacts (Shelley 1999), analogy has always held a central role in archaeological thought. While in archaeological thought it functions on the base of broad and generalized comparisons that are documented across many cultural traditions; in anthropological practice as a whole, analogy is the reasoning based on the notion that if two things are comparable in some values then they must be comparable in other values....   [tags: Archaeology, Culture, Anthropology, Analogy]

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The Influence of Geography and the Environment On the Development of Early Civilization

- Geography and the environment play a monumental role in the establishment and success of a nearly every civilization. For example, rivers bring water and allow for agricultural development, while mountains or deserts provide for protection and create a barrier. Many things, such as the aforementioned deserts and mountains, can offer both positive and negative influences on the society in question. The climate and amount of rainfall is directly related to the success or failure of crop growing, and thus related to the amount of time spent on simply surviving....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Historical Process: The Views of Jared Diamond, William McNeill, and Hans Zinsser

- When pressed with explaining the progression of human society to its current state and, more broadly, the historical process in general, one has several possible options. Three of the most compelling views, however, can be attributed to Jared Diamond, William McNeill, and Hans Zinsser. Although each offers a distinct model of how to understand chance and how history explains evolution, they all take radically different approaches. Diamond proposes that everything is explicable by a few simple laws and principles, and even goes so far as to suggest that there are no alternatives in history....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Indian Society and Thought Before the Time of Buddha

- Every civilization had it origin, but most likely, this origin is either covered by dust or was ruined by the proliferates of internal wars or exterior conquest. Fortunately, with the help of modern science, we can go back even further into history than we once before had. New technology had allowed archeologist to unearth many mystery’s artifacts that could change the world history or at least make a contribution to the history of the world. Adding more evidential facts with scientific means to provide information’s that were left out for thousands of years....   [tags: Anthropology]

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A Resilient Peoples: An Introduction to the San

- INTRODUCTION According to the widely accepted, Out of Africa Theory, the first appearance of the anatomically modern human originated 200,000 years in Africa. Modern humanity exists today as the species Homo sapiens sapiens, whom are generally characterized by bipedal and upright movement, the use of tools, and a complex brain structure as compared to their ancestral counterparts. All modern humans evolved from fourteen specific “ancestral population clusters” and from 100,000 to 50,000 years ago migrated and hybridized or interbred throughout the world in waves replacing archaic species and populating the world....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The !Kung San of the Kalahari Desert

- The !Kung San of the Kalahari Desert are one of the most highly researched groups by anthropologists. They refer to themselves as the Zhun/twasi, which means, “the real people”. The !Kung San people inhabit Southern Africa, and are commonly referred to as Bushmen. Being that the !Kung San are a nomadic people; their bands are usually only seen as being fairly low in population. These people, who also inhabit parts of Zimbabwe, Botswana, Angola, Swaziland, and Mozambique, have a fascinating lifestyle due to the hostile environment that the Kalahari offers (Bushmen, 2011)....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Relationship Between Modern Humans and Neanderthal

- The first Neanderthal fossils found in Europe, a fragmented child’s cranium in Belgium in 1830, and an adult cranium in Gibraltar, were not immediately recognized as a divergent kind of human. Only in 1856 after a partial skeleton was found in a cave in the Neander Valley in Germany it became clear that these fossils belonged to an extinct human and our closest evolutionary relative (Hublin and Pääbo, 2006). Since then, questions about their relationship with modern humans have been fiercely debated between anthropologists....   [tags: Anthropology ]

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Tuvalu and Impacts of Global Warming

- Tuvalu is a nation that is hanging on the brink of extinction. The effects of global warming have had an enormous impact on the sustainability of life within the nation. Consisting of nine coral atolls, the highest point is five meters, and the average height is less than two meters above sea level. (UN) The lasting impacts that global warming has on Tuvalu include: rising sea levels, coral bleaching, ocean acidification and scarce amounts of fresh water. However while these factors are all directly environmental problems, global warming has the potential to destroy the rich cultural life in Tuvalu, where eleven thousand residents live....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Reciprocity in Aboriginal Australian Communities

- Reciprocity is not a simple concept when it comes to the Aboriginal culture. It can mean many different things depending on the situation it is being used to define. Reciprocity may be the notion of taking care of your kin as they will do for you. It might be the give and take between families and communities in which everyone shares what they have. Reciprocity may be being held responsible for your kin’s actions. It might be the approximately equal trades conducted between nearby communities. It may be the taking of a life in exchange for another....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Course of Human Evolution

- Human life histories are understood to consist of different levels of factors that contribute to the variation and evolution of human health, and this can be analyzed by categorizing the various lifetime events on a fast-slow continuum (Promislow & Harvey, 1990 as cited in Kaplan, Lancaster, & Robson, 2003). Mammals, for example, are located on the fast end of the continuum and are known to reproduce early, have a shorter period of pregnancy, grow into smaller body sizes, and produce a great amount of offspring that are vulnerable to death....   [tags: Anthropology]

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What Is Social Science?

- Areas of Study Paper Felicia Gonzalez 8/4/2014 What exactly is social science. Social science means understanding our own society and civilizations around the world through different timespans. Social science ranks just as high as importance as its physical science counterparts because at its core we seek to understand how humans behave and interact. It is valuable to consider how humans can improve their standard of living, their health, even their economic situation....   [tags: Sociology, Psychology, Anthropology]

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Race, Politics, And Politics

- ... Psychology knows that race is a social construct, a way in which human society seeks to separate and often objectify its members. Although race is a product of humanity, the relationship is twofold, for Psychology also recognizes that individuals are products of their respective environments, and as such, the presence of race impacts individuals. Therefore, it can be said that the relationship between race and humanity is a cyclical one, for neither can survive without the other and each is a product of the other....   [tags: Sociology, Anthropology, Social sciences]

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In Darkness and Secrecy: The Anthropology of Assault Sorcery and Witchcraft in Amazonia

- Magic can be a dangerous and mysterious force for those who believe. Those faithful who reside in the Amazon are always wary for the perceived effects of magic. Whether it be assault sorcery, dark shamanism, or witchcraft those that hold to these beliefs are ever watchful. Shamans however can also bring light and understanding to the people of their land. They heal, guide, and protect those they love and cherish. The book In Dark and Secrecy allows us to read the observation of Dominique Buchillet who observed the Desana shamans and people of the Upper Rio Negro Region of Brazil....   [tags: shamans, magic]

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An Environmental Anthropology of Waste in Cairo Contexts, Dimensions and Trends

- A Timeline of Waste in Cairo Despite the fact that MSW is a responsibility of governments and municipalities, the earliest form of waste management system that has ever been known in Cairo was established by people not by authorities, a collaboration that dates back to the beginning of the last century. The first societal authority in this parallel government was a group of migrants from the Dakhla oasis in the western Egyptian desert. They were called Wahiya which means ‘oasis people’. They settled in Cairo and embarked themselves on managing the city’s waste as a living ....   [tags: municipal solid waste management]

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The Issue of Female Circumcision from a Medical Anthropology Perspective

- It is estimated that about 100 million women are circumcised (Toubia 1994,712). Female Circumcision or Female Genital Cutting or Female Genital Mutilation as it is also known is a very important issue that deserves much attention and understanding. Female Circumcision is closely related to women’s sexuality and reproductive role, which is why it has strong cultural significance to those that have the procedure done (Toubia 1994,712). The practice is done in a variety of cultural and ethnic groups (Toubia 1994,712)....   [tags: women circumcision, females]

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The Downfall of Kinship

- The Downfall of Kinship(Question 2) In the past, kinship has been an integral part of explaining societies in the anthropological field, as it is one of the bases of social structure in most societies to varying degrees. However, with the eventual spread of what is modernly western ideals, the importance of kinship was lost and thought to be outdated for western philosophy. So, with the western ideals and the newer action of globalization, making these western ideals the norm, kinship is seen as less important for societal structure, though moderately important from a biological perspective....   [tags: Anthropology ]

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The Batek of Malaysia

- One of the most interesting indigenous groups in the world is the Batek of Malaysia, this is a group of people that live in the oldest rain forest of peninsular Malaysia. Orang ASli means “Original people” in the native Malay Language, and they truly are the original people of the land. Being a nomadic group of hunters and gatherers, means that they are at the mercy of the land and the elements for survival. Batek beliefs note that, the rainforest was created by “superhuman” beings for the Batek to use and will destroy the world and everything on it if the Batek were ever to leave the rainforest ( K.M....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Way of Tlachtli

- Since the early 1400s BCE, people of this era have played one of the earliest known forms of a sport that involves two teams and a rubber ball played on a court. Based on archaeological evidence, Tlachtli (which translates in English to “ball game”) is thought to have been played by the civilizations of Mesoamerica including the Aztec, Maya, Olmec, and Toltec. The game was more than a sport to these people. It was a means of settling conflicts and maintaining social harmony, it was a very important part in the ritualistic lives of those cultures....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Origin Modern Humans

- The origin of modern humans is a matter of debate. There are two different theories regarding the origin of modern humans or Homo sapiens. The first and primary theory states modern humans emerged in one place and from a single origin. This theory is known as the Recent African Origin Model. It suggests that modern humans are the product of speciation during the late Pleistocene in Africa. Homo sapiens eventually migrated out of Africa to Eurasia, and replaced all other human populations, without interbreeding....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality

- Witchcraft, Magic and Rationality Social Anthropology seeks to gauge an understanding of cultures and practices whether they are foreign or native. This is achieved through the studying of language, education, customs, marriage, kinship, hierarchy and of course belief and value systems. Rationality is a key concept in this process as it affects the anthropologist’s interpretation of the studied group’s way of life: what s/he deems as rational or plausible practice. Witchcraft and magic pose problems for many anthropologists, as its supernatural nature is perhaps conflicting to the common Western notions of rationality, mainly deemed superior....   [tags: Social Anthropology]

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A comparison of Behar’s The Vulnerable Observer and Tsing’s In the Realm of the Diamond Queen

- When presented with ethnographic works, the first thing one would normally do would be to compare. The Vulnerable Observer by Ruth Behar and In the Realm of the Diamond Queen by Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, both demonstrate key factors that prove to be prevalent throughout the anthropological world today. Through the examination of each piece, it is clear that they both share similar restrictions, trials and tribulations. As both books begin to unravel, the themes of marginality and borders (in a multitude of contexts) rise to the surface....   [tags: ruth behar, anthropology, ana tsing]

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Exploring the Anthropological Principles in Paine´s Common Sense

- In the 1776 document Common Sense by Thomas Paine, Paine tries to convince the American colonies that they are being fraternized by Britain under false pretenses, and that they should claim their freedom from their oppressive and manipulative rule immediately. In doing so, Paine actually highlights many of the principles of the Classical Christian Anthropology, the doctrine that our founding fathers initially instilled into the framework America. He also gives examples of the British government to emphasize the principles of Modern Anthropology, and to juxtapose against the Classical Christian Anthropology, or the government of the American colonies....   [tags: anthropology, Thomas Paine, american government]

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Race in America

- When Europeans arrived in the America, they encountered people whom they had never before seen. The natives were viewed as savage and uncivilized, regardless of their well-established culture and presence. As the colonies formed and Africans began their slave-bound voyages to America, many colonists perceived them as inferior. Eurocentrism allowed for a foundation on which the race concept was built and flourished. As research shows, there is only one species of human beings, Homo sapiens. “Race,” used as a construct to stratify societies, is not a reference to biological variation....   [tags: Anthropology, Discrimination, Eurocentrism]

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What Does Culture Shape Our Ideas Of Health And Illness?

- Through week 9 of Cultural Anthropology, our subject involved health and illness. I feel this topic is one of the most important throughout the entire book because it pertains to literally everyone. Health and illness is brought into examination through a variety of questions throughout this chapter. For instance, Guest presents the question of how does culture shape our ideas of health and illness. Furthermore, while reading through Guest’s chapter, I came to a better understanding of how health and illness does not just involve one individual....   [tags: Medicine, Health care, Anthropology, Culture]

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An Anthropological Perspective From A Medical Framework

- An anthropological perspective to medicine is necessary in this day and age because our world is becoming metaphorically smaller due to globalization. Therefore, it would be advantageous to all people if we created a more globally integrated approach to medicine. By asking the right questions, such as how does medical terminology vary across cultures; in what ways do cultures differ in how they treat illnesses; and what illnesses are globally recognized, etc. will help us integrate culture within a medical framework....   [tags: Medicine, Culture, Anthropology, Health care]

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Postmodern Multicultural Society

- The evolution of a postmodern multicultural society places a premium on increased understanding of issues surrounding culture and ethnic identity. Anthropology has traditionally defined culture as the sum total of artifacts (language, customs, tools/technology, institutions, etc.) that make up a human society. From a psychological perspective, it is useful to focus on the processes of symbolic communication that sanction the coherence of human societies and enable them to evolve such a variety of artifacts....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Gender Roles]

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Alphone Bertillon's System

- Alphonse Bertillon was born in Paris on April 24, 1853. He was the son of the distinguished physician, anthropologist, and physician, Louis Adolphe Bertillon (bookrags.com). Young Alphonse was seen as hopeless through his fathers eyes. He often suffered from migraine headaches, and nosebleeds, and was very shy and lacked social skills. However, the young Bertillon was not a complete loss, he was an intellectual who had a thirst for knowledge and shared his father's interest in statistics and anthropology (http://jimfisher.edinboro.edu)....   [tags: Biography, Advances, Anthropology]

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Functionalism and Marxism

- In the history of anthropology and sociology, there have been many different social theories. Often these theories are influential for a period of time and then lose popularity once a new, more seductive theory is established. Marxism and functionalism are two examples of social theories that made a grand impact on the anthropological and sociological fields, but have since faded from the forefront. Marxism was established by Karl Marx in the mid-1800s and was later adopted by other theorists, such as Marvin Harris....   [tags: history of anthropology and sociology]

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The Harm Dilemma

- Anthropologists face ethical decisions every day, in which they must balance the often competing interests of their obligations against the demands that are placed upon them. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines ethical behaviour as “conforming to accepted standards of conduct”. For Anthropologists, the ethical risks faced in fieldwork are defined by their ethical obligations. This paper will discuss, in a limited scope, both the ethical risks of fieldwork and the obligations of an anthropologist....   [tags: ethics, anthropology, risk]

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The Theory Of Sociology And Its Structure And Problems

- Sociology is defined as the study of society, and its structure and problems. The concept of sociology supports many of the welfare systems that are in place in the UK today. As a subject, it deals with topics such as gender, race and class, and how these relates to society as a whole. Students will deal with big questions, like, crime and punishment and class structure, and carry out research on everything from human rights to social change. Sociology is a scientific study of human behaviour, how it was created, organised and developed and what it may be like in the future....   [tags: Sociology, Anthropology, Social work, Psychology]

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Chinese Cultural Anthropology

- Cultures have many things in common. Most things that cultures have in common are necessary to survive, such as fire and language. But there are always even more than the things necessary. Some things include music, luck superstitions, and athletic sports. In the Chinese culture, music is usually traditional. There are instruments made of many materials, usually stone and wood, in addition to silk, bamboo, clay, and many other materials. The purpose of music in Chinese culture is not to amuse but cleanse one?s thoughts....   [tags: essays research papers]

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National Conflict and Dispute

- Introduction Disputes and conflicts are mostly caused by race, gender, culture, language, ideologies and religion. These factors are inter-related for it shows the differences of people in every way that causes arguments, debates and misunderstanding either internationally or locally. Numerous times of debates and advocacy between who is dominant and who is subordinate has been a great input in the making of our history which until now, is still being added. Disputes and conflicts in this era is just repeating history therefore, history speaks for itself....   [tags: Anthropology, Culture Conflict, September 11]

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The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer

- The Role of the Reflexive Ethnographer Works Cited Missing The role of the reflexive ethnographer has been constantly defined and redefined since the beginning of the study of anthropology. The use of reflexivity has and will always be questioned in anthropology. Malinowski, who was a pioneer in the field of anthropology, discouraged the use of reflexivity; he, instead, believed that anthropology was scientific and could produce “concrete evidence” (Malinowski 17). Reflexivity is way in which anthropologists try to get rid of this scientific and rigid anthropology; it is a move towards an emotional and self-reflective anthropology....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Essays]

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Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective

- Environmental Destruction: A Philosophical-Anthropological Perspective It is no secret anylonger that the ecological crisis puts mankind as a whole to an existential test which have to be solved in practice and in theory. So, by this the vast amount of literature can be explained which consequently led to the emergence of an own "genre" — the so called "ecoliterature" which herself is really dissonant and ambigious. In the meantime — besides other sources — almost all sciences take part in such kind of discussions what obviously can be traced back to the fact that the ecological crisis is such a substantial phenomena which leads therefore to numerous perceptions and different point of view...   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Environment Essays]

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Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research

- Philosophical-Anthropological Approach to Historic-Cultural Research ABSTRACT: This approach holds that the problem of humanity determines the history of culture. On the basis of theory developed by Max Scheler, I try to work out the main characteristics of cultural process, the typology of culture, and the periodization of culture. The humanities in Russia are in the midst of a methodological crisis now, and I hope that this approach will help us obtain a fuller understanding of culture. There's not a secret that Russian Humanities are in a methodological crisis now....   [tags: Philosophy Anthropology Essays]

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Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing

- Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research and Writing The role of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing has certain advantages and limits, as it gives the discipline of anthropology another form of interpreting ethnographies. Reflexivity, in terms of work of anthropology, is to insist that anthropologists systematically and rigorously reveal their methodology and themselves as the instrument of data generation. It is the self-consciousness or the work's ability to see itself as a work. There are various styles of reflexivity in ethnographic writing and Dorinne Kondo, Renato Rosaldo, and George Marcus are three anthropologists that influenced the role of reflexivity through their ethn...   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]

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Anthropology: An Obeservation of Real Life Interactions Among a Group of Friends

- For my subgroup project, I decided to observe a group of teenage boys. Located at the intersection of Fullerton and central. The location seemed like any other McDonalds except the arrangement of the sits. They have a wide range of chairs and furniture located in the side of the entrance while the front part was wide. My subgroup was located in the side of the McDonalds near the restrooms. The methods I used were participant observation, informal interviewing, and formal interviewing. While I conducted my observations on Tuesdays and Thursdays....   [tags: observation, interviewing, pattern]

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The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography

- The Role of Reflexivity in Ethnography Reflexivity, as I understand it, is very well named.It is the practice of reflecting upon oneself and one’s work, of being self-aware and self-critical. In anthropology, it is well exemplified by the work of Renato Rosaldo, Ruth Behar, and Dorinne Kondo, among others. In its most obvious form (or at least the form most obvious to me), reflexivity is manifest in the practice of an ethnographer including herself in her own ethnographic research---seeing herself not as an “unbiased, impartial” (Malinowski 18) observer, but as an essential and un-removable part of her study....   [tags: Anthropology Science Essays]

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Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research

- Use of Reflexivity in Ethnographic Research Works Cited Missing The use of reflexivity in ethnographic research and writing is used to insist that the anthropologist has systematically and rigorously revealed their methodology and their self as the instrument of data collection and generation. Reflexivity can play a variety of roles in ethnographic writings as observed in the works of Renato Rosaldo, Dorinne Kondo, and Ruth Behar. These three anthropologists all use reflexivity in different ways to convey their findings and feelings....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Ethnography Papers]

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Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans

- Role of Mutated Gene in the Evolution of Large Brained, Small-Jawed Humans The debate with-in the anthropology field has been heated over the evolution of the human and the events that have lead us to where we are now. One of the major questions that is debated is how did we, humans-large brained and small jawed, evolve from primates-large jawed and small brained. Interestingly enough, this debate is now being directed from outside the field; by biologists and plastic surgeons. On march 25, 2004, Doctors Stedman (and others) published their findings in Nature (VOL 428) under the title Myosin gene mutation correlates with anatomical changes in the human lineage....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team

- The Social Interaction of a Men’s Soccer Team In the field of Anthropology, there have been numerous studies on soccer and the different social plays that the sport contains. Groundbreaking and controversial writings such as Marcelo Mario Suarez-Orozco’s, A Study of Argentine Soccer: The Dynamics of Its Fans and Their Folklore (1982) study the fans and symbolism that surround the game. However, a key element that is often disregarded by anthropologists is the players themselves. Dismissed as the realm of journalists, most studies seem to shy away from the social interaction and symbolism that occurs within the team, and instead focus on how the fans view the game and the games role and sym...   [tags: Anthropology Sports Athletics Essays]

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Modern Society Universal Healthcare Is A Staple Of Well Off, First World Countries

- ... Culturally it was different so the immigrant parents had little knowledge on negative effects of bottle feeding. Anthropologists found that some parents put milk substitute such as Nesquik into the bottles. In regards to the child soldiers in Nepal. In an article for “American Journal For Human Biology” anthropologists there discovered that the cultural belief in female education and caste system played a role in the mental health of returning child soldiers. “In turn influenced by factors such as cultural beliefs and policies related to gender and caste equality” caused children, especially girls to feel shunned and dominated by cultural and societal norms....   [tags: Health care, Health care provider, Anthropology]

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Sexual Dimorphism and Human Evolution

- Introduction The topic of gender differences must understandably be approached with caution in our modern world. Emotionally charged and fraught with ideas about political correctness, gender can be a difficult subject to address, particularly when discussed in correlation to behavior and social behavior. Throughout history, many people have strove to understand what makes men and women different. Until the modern era, this topic was generally left up to religious leaders and philosophers to discuss....   [tags: Anthropology Dimorphism Evolution Sexuality]

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Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here

- Initial List of Intriguing cultural differences. There are no toilet seat covers in LondonPeople walk much faster here. There are no toilet seat covers in London people walk much faster here crossing the streets is extremely dangerous. People on the tube won’t acknowledge your presence everyone is an aggressive driver young children take the tube alone to school and back if you talk on the tube you receive dirty looks. In the first week or so I found some of my observations to be quite odd, and wondered how people were able to live with conditions such as these....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Lord, What is Man?

- ABSTRACT: In this essay, philosophical anthropology is considered from the viewpoint of biblical exegesis. Our summons to self-knowledge is discussed in the light of immanence of the Kingdom of God in the human being. Humanity is argued to consist of a three-fold structure: outer, inner, and divine. Psalms 144:3 The theme of my paper is philosophical anthropology in its proper sense, i.e., the understanding of human nature. Philosophy is a speculative discipline and we have to choose a basis for our reasoning....   [tags: Philosophical Philosophy Anthropology Papers]

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The Key of Reflexivity

- The Key of Reflexivity What gives me the right to judge. As a studying anthropologist, what constitutes me the right to study “Others” and proclaim my perception of the “studied” is correct. Since the development of writing, authors have fell victim to their own misconceptions of a studied group or culture. Even I, right now as I type away at this keyboard am judging and studying the works of other authors. Whether I take a critical or a supportive view of the writings is obsolete, what matters is how my personal life experiences as a studying anthropologist can lead to legitimate findings....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]

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Reflexivity: Crossing That Line

- Reflexivity: Crossing That Line Traditionally, ethnographic works had always been about objective studies of the “other.” The discipline attempts to use non-biased methods to research of our subjects to qualify anthropology into the category of science. However, an increasing number of anthropologists begin to question the existence of objectivity in fieldwork. More recently, some anthropologists advocate the incorporation of the self, or the use of reflexivity, in the research to acknowledge our biases; at the same time, enhance the quality of our ethnographies....   [tags: Ethnography Anthropology Essays]

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Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society

- Interrelation of Physical and Social Characteristics in Society Cultures on this planet are infinitely diverse and quite different from each other as well. Many of the customs and rituals that are practiced in the United States are diverse in nature as well, but are similar in more ways to each other than to cultures in other regions of the world. It seems that a great deal of a culture’s core stems from their surrounding environment, and the pressures that this puts on those trying to live there....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s Excavation at Troy

- Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s Excavation at Troy Johann Ludwig Heinrich Julius Schliemann’s ability to challenge academic establishment make him an appealing yet dubious character. The German’s late nineteenth century excavations of Truva are often considered to have shed new light on ancient history or ‘undoubtedly destroyed a great deal of archaeological data that will forever be lost[1]. Despite the praise and glorification that surrounds the romantic stems of Schliemann’s work; his excavations have proved limited to the evolution of archaeology and ancient history....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Cinderella's Theories

- The classic fairy tale of Cinderella easily connects with three different perspectives of social science – anthropology, sociology and psychology. Anthropology, being the study of cultures, relates to Cinderella regarding how the characters were brought up through their cultural background. The perspective of sociology – people within groups and social structures – explains how and why the different conflicts arise within the story. Psychology studies mental processes and behaviour, analysing Freudian decisions of Cinderella and what might have been her mental state in the fairy tale....   [tags: Social Science, Anthropology, Sociology]

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Body Ritual Among the Nacirema

- Body Ritual Among the Nacirema What is the precise geographical location of this strange tribe, the Nacirema. The Nacirema is a North American group living in the territory between the Canadian Cree, the Yaqui and Tarahumare of Mexico, and the Carib and Arawak of the Antilles. Little is known of their origin, though tradition states that they came from the east. What are the private and secret shrines of the Nacirema. In the Nacirema, the belief is that the human body is ugly and that its natural tendency is to debility and disease....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Wilderness Areas are Under Threat

- Examine the ways in which the unique indigenous lifestyles found in wilderness areas are under threat. A significant proportion of the world’s population – about 300 million people – are described as indigenous, or native, peoples. They belong to a rich and diverse array of cultures spread across the globe. Indigenous peoples are defined as the descendents of those people who inhabited an area before it was colonised by Europeans, or before a modern state was established there. Where groups of indigenous peoples have survived it is often because they live in extreme geographic and climatic conditions – very wet or cold, extremely hot or dry....   [tags: Anthropology]

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The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider

- The Inside Perspective Of An Outsider I read everything I could find. I spoke with natives who were visiting the United States. I studied the language diligently. I scrutinized pictures, noting each detail. Nothing prepared me for that first long walk along a Beijing street. I smelled for the first time, the smells that were to become a familiar component of my three-month stay in The People's Republic of China. I made eye contact with people who had formerly just been captured still-lifes on a reference book's glossy page....   [tags: China Anthropology Study Abroad Essays]

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Zulu Culture

- The Zulus tribe is an independent clan and the largest ethnic group in South Africa. The Zulu clan reputation is well known for their proud, fierce, and barbaric behavior. According to Ethnologies, in 1816 a new chief Shaka Zulu conquered and created a nation that was named after him. His descendants made up the Zulu clan. During the year of 1820, Native Africans did not have any political rights. The king of the Zulu ethnic groups or clans was the only one allowed to have judicial and legislative power....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Ethnography Reflection

- 1. Raybeck used most of the techniques on page 71 in Thinking Like an Anthropologist. He established key informants including Yusof and Mat, administered oral surveys to prostitutes, collected kin relations, and mapped the community. He also participated in the night guard (jaga) to learn the layout of the community, get to know his fellow villagers, and perform his civic duty. (26, 54-55, 62, 112) 2. Raybeck incorporated life histories and case studies as well as the semantic differential, a psycholinguistic instrument to quantitative analyze the connotations of concepts....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Social Discrimination

- During the Spring of 2012, The University of Southern Mississippi's basketball team made their first appearance at the NCAA tournament since 1991. The team played against Kansas State University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. During the second half of the game, Kansas State was defeating the University of Southern Mississippi, due to their freshman point guard Angel Rodriguez who contributed many points. The Wildcats were leading the game by 70-64. As Angel Rodriguez was performing a free throw, some University of Southern Mississippi prep band students chanted “Where's your green card?” This incident made national headline news and labeled the band students of the University of Southern Missi...   [tags: Anthropology ]

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Culture and Race

- Culture and Race Anthropologists have always had their discrepancies with the word culture and its background significance. There have been numerous definitions that have filtered through the field, yet not one that everyone can accept or agree with. Franz Boas, an anthropologist in the early 20th Century, and his students, had a difficult time figuring out the objective of what culture is. Culture is about learning and shared ideas about behaviour. Although Boas and his students had a slightly different idea in mind....   [tags: Anthropology Sociology Essays]

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Analysis Of Gringo Management, South Of The Border

- Gringo Management, South of the Border As companies grow and put heavier weight on the importance of globalization, the need for companies to partake in cultural learning becomes more and more vital. With the various cultures worldwide, companies will find it highly beneficial to not only learn what makes the people within these cultures tick, but more importantly, apply it to their business strategies. In order to successfully manage, merge, or trade with other countries, one must understand how cultures differ from each other and what steps they need to take to be successful when conducting business with these cultures....   [tags: Culture, Anthropology, Cultural anthropology]

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1172 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Race and Ethnicity According to Anthropologists

- Race and Ethnicity According to Anthropologists Examining the ideas and beliefs within ones own cultural context is central to the study of Anthropology. Issues of Race and Ethnicity dominate the academic discourses of various disciplines including the field of Anthropology. Race and Ethnicity are controversial terms that are defined and used by people in many different ways. This essay shall explore the ways in which Anthropologists make a distinction between race and ethnicity and how these distinctions serve as frames for cross-cultural comparison and analysis....   [tags: Anthropology Race Ethnic Racial Essays]

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1799 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

Biological Differences that Exist Between Individuals in a Population

- Biological Differences that Exist Between Individuals in a Population Physical anthropologists view humans as biological organisms. Coupled with genetics and biochemistry, scientists can form a more complete picture of human anatomy, both past and present. Physical anthropology looks at human variation and evolution. Variation looks at the biological differences that exist between individuals within a population and at individuals between populations (e.g., body shape, size, and physiological responses)....   [tags: Biology Science Evolution Anthropology Essays]

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3736 words | (10.7 pages) | Preview

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