Your search returned over 400 essays for "anthropology"
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Through a Window: My Thirty Years With The Chimpanzees of Gombe by Jane Goodall

- Humans, complex social beings, unique in almost every aspect, this was the thought of many among the science community for centuries upon centuries. Until the1960’s when a bright eyed eager learning Jane Goodall, only 26 years old, set out to change the minds of millions that humans were not the only emotion filled, intelligent, tool making, learning, highly skilled beings roaming the earth. With Goodall being a female and having no formal scientific education, this led to her having many skeptics, but despite these minor set backs, this young enthused anthropologist not only shocked but revolutionized the anthropological world with a study about chimpanzees....   [tags: anthropology, science community, tool making]

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The Sociological Imagination By C. Wright Mills, And The Uses Of Poverty

- Throughout Society, many families have seen struggle and lived through poverty. The economy is not always thriving which takes a toll on people who suffer through unemployment or low wage jobs. The Frontline documentary, “Two American Families”, is the perfect example of struggle in the United States. It shows the lives of two struggling families and their efforts to survive. Two essays, “The Sociological Imagination” by C. Wright Mills, and “The Uses of Poverty: The Poor Pay All” by Herbert J. Hans, support the analysis of the video strongly....   [tags: Sociology, C. Wright Mills, Anthropology]

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The Development Of The Worldwide Transcultural Nursing Society

- Madeleine M. Leininger, founder of the worldwide Transcultural Nursing Society, is the founder and leader of the field of transcultural nursing, focusing on comparative human care theory and research. “The development of Madeleine Leininger’s theory resulted from an integration of her background as an anthropologist with her experience and observations as a nurse” (Schub, 2014). As a pioneering nurse educator, leader, theorist, and administrator, Dr. Leininger has been a risk taker and innovator....   [tags: Culture, Nursing, Anthropology, Nursing theory]

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Kung Life: An Ethnography by Majorie Shostak

- The many ethnographies produced from the fieldwork of anthropologist, account for much of our knowledge of cultures we may consider foreign of our own. Ethnographies are often written to provide an understanding of the practices of the studied culture, thus bridging the gap between separate ways of life. Majorie Shostak is one of the well known anthropologist who attempts to do just this in her writings. During her stay in the Dobe regions of Botswana, she studied the life of !Kung women to find out if they share similar ideas to women of her own culture....   [tags: kung, geography, anthropology, ethnographies, Majo]

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The African Origin of Ancient Egyptian Civilization

- Few bygone civilizations fascinate us as much as that of the ancient Egyptians. The kingdom along the Nile River has been the subject of countless books, magazine articles, movies, and television shows and documentaries. There is even a hotel in Las Vegas with an ancient Egyptian theme. Museums all over the world dedicate entire galleries to excavated Egyptian artifacts, and Egypt itself receives millions of tourists flocking to photograph its ruins each year. There are many reasons behind our infatuation with ancient Egypt....   [tags: african history, anthropology, culture, Egypt]

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Globalization : The Globalization Of Culture

- The Globalization of Culture Globalization is a phenomenon that arose from the industrial revolution in the 19th century, and has been progressively expanding since. According to Joan Ferrante (2015), globalization is the “ever increasing flow of goods, services, people…and other cultural items across political boundaries.” There is much speculation associated with globalization in terms of social and economic growth, but the cultural aspects of globalization are often overlooked and misconstrued with global Americanization (Legrain 2003)....   [tags: Culture, Sociology, Anthropology, Melting pot]

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Stuart Hall Cultural Studies Theory

- Throughout this paper I will be discuss and describe these three articles about Stuart Hall cultural studies theory the Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms from Media, Culture and Society, then the Cultural Studies in the Future tense and Sexing the Self: Gendered Positions in Cultural Studies theory. “According to, Stuart Hall, “Cultural Studies: Two Paradigms” from Media, Culture and Society, Raymond Williams and E.P Thompson summarize about the way they saw culture, they refer it to the way of life and saw mainstream media as the main role in capitalist society....   [tags: Sociology, Cultural studies, Marxism, Anthropology]

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The Namesake By Jhumpa Lahiri

- In Jhumpa Lahiri’s novel, The Namesake, the protagonist, Gogol, struggles with his cultural identity. He is an American-born Bengali struggling to define himself. He wants to fit into the typical American-lifestyle, a lifestyle his parents do not understand. This causes him tension through his adolescence and adult life, he has trouble finding a balance between America and Bengali culture. This is exemplified with his romantic relationships. These relationships directly reflect where he is in his life, what he is going through and his relationship with his parents....   [tags: Culture, Jhumpa Lahiri, The Namesake, Anthropology]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Works Cited Missing Anthropology is defined, in the most basic terms, as the study of other cultures. This field can subsequently be divided into more specific sects, and contain more precise defining characteristics, but this definition is essentially all that is needed. Anthropology is a science that attempts to look at other cultures and draw conclusions to questions that are raised while studying. An anthropologist is someone who accepts what is presented before them and is driven by an urge to understand each presentation as thoroughly as possible....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers]

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Culture of Trinidad

- Culture of Trinidad According to the encyclopedia, culture is defined as “The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought [www.wikipedia.com].” In Trinidad these particular aspects are very distinct to the people's daily lives on the island. The diversity of actual cultures and ethnicities on the island has melted together over the centuries to create a Trinidadian culture of its own. There are influences from almost every part of the world including, India, China, the United States, Lebanon, Spain, Britian, Africa, and cultures native the Caribbean....   [tags: Anthropology Cultural]

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Evolution of Man

- Evolution of Man Scientists continue to debate the history of man. It is generally agreed upon by the scientific community, however, that humans evolved from lesser beings, and this essay will function to provide evidence to support this claim. Several points will be outlined, including the general physical changes that occurred between several key species on the phylogeny of man, and a discussion of dating methods used to pinpoint the age of the fossils. This essay will begin with a brief discussion of dating techniques....   [tags: Science Anthropology]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Personal experience and reflexivity should be used within anthropology as a tool to reflect on the culture that is being studied and not a refocusing of attention on the self. Works such as Dorinne Kondo’s “Dissolution and Reconstitution of Self,” use the idea of reflexivity as a mirror in which to view the culture being studied in a different manner. This use of reflexivity allows for the focus to stay on the culture being studied. A move away from this is the new branch of humanistic anthropology represented in this essay by Renato Rosaldo’s “Grief and a Headhunter’s Rage” and Ruth Behar’s “Anthropology that Breaks Your Heart” allows anthropologists to use reflexivity as a w...   [tags: Anthropology Culture Reflexivity Papers]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity has recently been designated as an indicator of postmodernism in anthropological texts. In this context, the practice is attacked as self-indulgent narcissism, but its true scope reaches much further. While some ethnographic texts exhibit an overemphasis on the author, and his position within the work, this is one extreme of the range reflexivity, which also serves as a methodological tool, unincorporated into the writing, and as a means to account for the ethnographers biases and affects on his informants....   [tags: Ethnography Reflexivity Anthropology Essays]

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Reflexivity

- Reflexivity Anthropologists research and write. They participate and observe in order to produce ethnographies. While some anthropologists venture to “exotic” lands to study the “natives,” others conduct ethnographic research within their own culture. Despite the diverse cultures they examine and the use of a tape recorder instead of a pen and a notebook, the ethnographic process is virtually the same. Or is it. Although similarities between ethnographies exist, when it comes down to it, ethnographies differ from one anthropologist to the next and one culture to the next based on the writing techniques applied by the ethnographer, the position of the anthropologist (age, gender, class, cul...   [tags: Enthnography Anthropology Essays]

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Yanomamo

- Yanomamo The Yanomamo are a tribe of twenty thousand who live in about two hundred and fifty widely dispersed villages in Brazil and Venezuela. It was first thought that the Yanomamo were a group of hunter-gatherers, but contrary to that thought they actually cultivate their own crops for food. They also hunt and forage, but only as needed. While the Yanomamo travel for several weeks when the jungle fruits and vegetables are ripe, they are a tribal society settled in villages, which break into small groups to go off on collecting expeditions....   [tags: Anthropology]

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Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Warsaw Ghetto versus the West African Sahel

- Physical and Behavioral Responses to Starvation and Famine in Two Populations Introduction Famine is an event in which food and resources are inaccessible and the majority of a population is endangered (Shipton, 1990). When applied to starvation this definition is accurate with one additional idea: starvation is the result of inaccessibility to resources. Many factors contribute to the progression of famine and the resulting starvation. One of the key factors to consider is the delineation between naturally occurring and man-made starvation and famine....   [tags: Anthropology Famine Regions Comparison]

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Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs

- Chinese Paleontologists Create a False Fossil Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs An article published in January of 2000, “All mixed up over birds and dinosaurs”, by Richard Monastersky in Science News Online seems to put an interesting spin on a corresponding article published about six months earlier in the scientific journal Nature. The article in Science News Online seems to imply that the article “A dromaeosaurid dinosaur with a filamentous integument from the Yixian Formation of China,” could be referring to forged fossils made up by Chinese scientists in order to provide the missing fossil link between birds and dinosaurs....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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A Closer Look at Lucy: Sexual Dimorphism and Speciation in Australopithecus

- A Closer Look at Lucy: Sexual Dimorphism and Speciation in Australopithecus In his peer-reviewed article, “Sexing fossils: a boy named Lucy?,” James Shreeve discusses, in detail, a study on sexual dimorphism and possible speciation in Australopithecines in Hadar, Ethiopia, based on the famous A. afarensis specimen, “Lucy.” In the article, “Lucy’s kind takes humanlike turn,” the author addresses sexual dimorphism and speculates on sex-based differences in behaviors in A. afarensis. The two articles have differences and commonalities with each other in content and both present research methods and conclusions on topics including sexual dimorphism, sex-based behaviors, and speciation in Aus...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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America Alone: The End of the World as We Know It

- America Alone: The End of the World as We Know It Today, nearly seven billion people roam the Earth. Many of these people live in what is known as the Western World. The Western World are countries in or follow direct cultural laws of Europe. In reading Mark Steyn’s America Alone, one would discover that these Western Countries are slowly dying. Steyn writes that people called “Doom Mongers” believe that the demise is because of corruption or poverty or disease or even inflation. Those traits may exist, but the real reason for the fall is simply the fact that the birthrate of these countries cannot sustain the amount of older citizen deaths....   [tags: Culture Analysis Anthropology]

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Discoveries of the (Dinosaur) Incisivosaurus Gauthier, and (Hominid) Sahelanthropus Tchadensis

- Discoveries of the (Dinosaur) Incisivosaurus Gauthier, and (Hominid) Sahelanthropus Tchadensis In the year 2002 a bizarre looking theropod dinosaur fossil was found in China (Xu). It challenges the way researchers have been thinking of theropods and other dinosaurs for a long time. In the Sahara desert, the oldest hominid skull in the world was found that same year. These are just two of many discoveries that have challenged the way we perceive the ancient world. Incisivosaurus Gauthier was what is believed to be a primitive Oviraptorosaurian that was recently discovered in China....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Fossil Discovery Impacts Theory on Evolution of Birds and Flight

- Fossil Discovery Impacts Theory on Evolution of Birds and Flight In the past few decades, the hypothesis that birds evolved from dinosaurs has been widely accepted by many scientists because of fossil evidence. Now scientists are looking for ways to prove the origin of flight through extensive research of newly found fossils. The origin of flight has been debated between scientists for years, but without strong evidence, they have yet to come to a conclusion on the issue. The disagreement between the two sides is whether flight arose from creatures that lived in the trees or ones on the ground....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Understanding Early Man : Scientific Discovery vs. Emotionally Driven Hypothesis

- Understanding Early Man : Scientific Discovery vs. Emotionally Driven Hypothesis The ways in which we attempt to determine the history of early man say much more about who we are today, and who we will be tomorrow, and who we want to be today, and who we want to be tomorrow, than they do about who we were in the past. This statement comes from a person who knows little about science, and less about the specific scientific techniques used in archeological excavation and analysis. But it seems to me that much of the observations that are made in the study of early man are predicated as much on new theory as they are on old observation, and much of the old observation seems to be based on how...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Egalitarianism and the Cash Economy among the Central Kalahari San

- Egalitarianism and the Cash Economy among the Central Kalahari San Jiro Tanaka’s research on the Central Kalahari San explored the changes in the San society and determined the overall effects on the culture. Tanaka looked at a group of people who had recently switched from a hunting and gathering existence to a more sedentary way of life. She found that though there were differences in the everyday lives of the San, they were able to preserve their language, cultural identity, and egalitarian ideals....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays]

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The Debate Over the Origin of Modern Homo Sapiens

- The Debate Over the Origin of Modern Homo Sapiens There has been a great deal of heated debate for the last few decades about where modern Homo sapiens originated. From the battle grounds, two main theories emerged. One theory, labeled “Out-of-Africa” or “population replacement” explains that all modern Homo sapiens evolved from a common Homo erectus ancestor in Africa 100,000 years ago. The species began to spread and replace all other archaic human-like populations around 35,000 to 89,000 years ago....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Role of Fungus in the Extinction of Dinosaurs

- The Role of Fungus in the Extinction of Dinosaurs The debate over what ultimately killed off the dinosaurs is an area of great interest to not only scientists, but everyone. The dominant thought seems to be that an asteroid struck the earth at the end of the Cretaceous period and killed off much of the fauna and flora inhabiting the earth. However, the sequence of events following that mass extinction has been fairly blurry until a recent discovery, published in a recent issue of Science, by paleontologists Vivi Vajda and Stephen McLoughlin....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution

- Savanna Theory Versus Aquatic Ape Theory of Human Evolution The evolution of man is constantly in question. While we are reasonably sure that modern humans and primates are both related to the same common ancestor, there is constant debate over what initially caused the two species to split into early hominids and apes. According to some, our longest and most popular theory on the division of man and ape is profoundly wrong. However, those same individuals usually offer an equally controversial theory as a substitute, one that is almost impossible to scientifically test or prove....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod

- The Discovery of Paralititan Stomeri - A Giant Sauropod In the scientific article “A giant sauropod dinosaur from an upper Cretaceous mangrove deposit in Egypt,” by Joshua Smith, Matthew Lamanna, Kenneth Lacovara, and Peter Dodson it is indicated that a giant sauropod named Paralititan Stomeri was discovered in a desert area in western Egypt in 2001. The skeleton was dated back to ninety to one hundred million years ago, which is the late Cretaceous period. Paralititan is a sauropod, which is thought to be the second largest that has ever lived....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Toumai, The Oldest Relative of the Human Race

- Toumai, The Oldest Relative of the Human Race Discoveries relating to the human lineage are extremely exciting and often baffling. This is the case with the recent discovery of what seems to be the oldest member of the human family. A skull found in northern Chad in 2001, has been deemed the earliest relative to the human ever found. Nicknamed Toumai, and discovered by Michel Brunet and his paleontology team, this new category of human has been given the scientific name, Sahelanthropus tchaensis....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Cannibalism: From Dinosaurs to Modern Day Animal Participants

- Cannibalism: From Dinosaurs to Modern Day Animal Participants A cannibal is any animal that feeds on its own species (Lady Wild Life’s website).  This characteristic is rarely spoken of because it has such a negative connotation.  However, an estimate of 140 species from a large time scale, displayed cannibalistic tendencies (Lady Wild Life’s website).  Ranging from animals in the present time- lions, pigs, ants, otters, apes, poultry, mantis, spiders, scorpions, mice, etc., to approximately 100,000 years ago with the early humans, Neanderthals, to the beginning of the Mesozoic Era with possibly the first dinosaur, Coelophysis (Bossel et al 2001, Defleur et al 1999).  The reasons for res...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Microraptor: The Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs

- Microraptor: The Missing Link Between Birds and Dinosaurs In December of 2000, three Chinese scientists reported the discovery of the smallest adult dinosaur ever found, a species that claims to tighten the evolutionary gap between dinosaurs and birds. The dinosaur’s specie name is Microraptor, and it is slowly restoring the integrity of a sect of paleontology that was discredited in November of 1999 after National Geographic printed a story on the discovery of a species known as Archeoraptor....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Herto Homo Sapiens and the Origin of Man

- Herto Homo Sapiens and the Questionable Origin of Man Many discoveries have been made that give more and more clues to the history of life on earth. Paleontologists find artifacts throughout the world that not only answer many questions but also raise many new ones. A topic that is still a mystery today is the origin of man. Scientists often debate over where man originated from and who some of his prehistoric relatives were. Some people think that all men are related, and that there has been inter breeding between different groups of men....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Microraptor Zhaoianus Discovery Strengthens the Dinosaur-Bird Connection Theory

- Microraptor Zhaoianus Discovery Strengthens the Dinosaur-Bird Connection Theory The evolutionary connection between dinosaurs and birds (that birds evolved from theropod dinosaurs) has long been theorized and is today generally accepted as a scientifically viable school of thought. Furthermore, several monumental discoveries have recently been made (21st century) in the area of the fossil record which have acted to solidify this evolutionary connection, drawing the evidentiary ties between dinosaurs and birds even closer together....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Discovery of Ardipithecus Kadabba, the Oldest Hominid

- The Discovery of Ardipithecus Kadabba, the Oldest Hominid During an excavation in the middle Awash Region of Ethiopia, Haille- Sellaise unearthed six hominid teeth. These were at first thought to be the fossilized teeth of Ardipithecus Ramidus. The teeth have now been determined to be from the late Miocene, and those of Ardipithecus Kadabba. These are the oldest hominid remains found, to date. Upon earlier digs in this region between 1997 and 2000, Haille- Sellasie discovered an earlier tooth and fragments of an arm bone....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Warm and Cold Blooded Nature of Dinosaurs

- The Warm and Cold Blooded Nature of Dinosaurs The debate of whether dinosaurs were cold blooded or warm blooded has been ongoing since the beginning of the century. At the turn of the century scientists believed that dinosaurs had long limbs and were fairly slim, supporting the idea of a cold blooded reptile. Recently, however, the bone structure, number or predators to prey, and limb position have suggested a warm blooded species. In addition, the recent discovery of a fossilized dinosaur heart has supported the idea that dinosaurs were a warm blooded species....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid

- Discovery of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis Fossil: Earliest Hominid In July of 2001, a group of archeologists discovered the skull and jaw bone of the oldest member of the human family. The skull is a new discovery and was found in the Djurab Desert of Northern Chad by a group of archeologists lead by Michel Brunet, and is thought to be six to seven million years old (Walton). The age of the skull and jaw bone were approximated through the association of the fauna that were found with the fossils (Brunet)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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A New Genus of Hominins Found in Kenya

- A New Genus of Hominins Found in Kenya Whenever finding new fossils, most people get excited in learning more about the mysterious history of life on earth. No one fossil finding may be more important than another, but when discovering a fossil that adds a new genus name to a species, it gets exciting. This is especially true when the fossil gives more insight to the evolution of humans. In Kenya, a new genus of hominins was found. The new genus was assigned because this hominin had a combination of derived facial and primitive neurocranial features....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Transcending Evolution: The Human Consciousness, or The Soul

- The Human Consciousness, or The Soul In 1838 Charles Darwin wrote in his journal "Man in his arrogance thinks himself a great work worthy the interposition of a deity. More humble and I think truer to consider him created from animals". (Rachels, 1990) Daniel C. Dennett refers to Darwin's theory of evolution as a universal acid, a theory so powerful it seeps through every traditional concept and leaves behind a revolutionized world-view, resulting not only in a fundamental shift in the way in which we perceive ourselves as human beings, but more importantly, in the death of God....   [tags: Anthropology Philosophy Evolution Essays]

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Microraptor Gui: The Dinosaur with Four Wings

- Microraptor Gui: The Dinosaur with Four Wings Knowing that pterodactyls belong to a separate group of reptiles than dinosaurs, the thought of a dinosaur with wings may seem somewhat strange. But a fairly recent archeological find adds an extra detail to make this idea truly bizarre: a dinosaur with four wings. Microraptor gui, discovered by Xing Xu and colleagues, is believed to be a kind of missing link between strictly ground-dwelling dinosaurs and birds, namely Archaeopteryx, the earliest known creature to be considered a bird....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Discovery of Fossilized Dinosaur Eggs in Argentina

- Discovery of Fossilized Dinosaur Eggs in Argentina The difficulty in re-constructing dinosaurs for television and movies lies in the fact that not everything can be preserved. Fossilized bones create the skeleton of a dinosaur, thereby allowing scientists to study how they moved, how big they grew, and how different body parts worked as a whole. But what children see on television: the scaly green skin of the brontosaurs or the brown hair of a mastodon may not hold much fact. Unfortunately, particular physical features cannot be fossilized....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Theories Explaining the Demise of the Dinosaurs

- Theories Explaining the Demise of the Dinosaurs The chapter of life which saw the rise of the dinosaurs is one of the most fascinating periods in our earth’s history. It is often the subject which brings about young children’s first exposure to science. When these children learn about these intriguing prehistoric beasts, one of their primary inquiries concerns the cause of their annihilation. What could have led to the demise of all those creatures, who lived very successfully for millions of years....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Discovery of Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica

- The Discovery of Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica While working in Antarctica, two separate research teams with hundreds of miles between them each made astounding discoveries. They discovered dinosaur fossils. Antarctica has been home to many other dinosaur fossil finds but what was so special about these fossils is that they were from an unknown species of dinosaurs. Really what the discovery compliments is that the discovery of these fossils encourages the theory of plate tectonics and continental drift....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles

- The Evolution of Ichthyosaurs- Large Aquatic Reptiles In the early 1800’s, a new discovery that left paleontologists in awe was the fossil finding of the immeasurable amount of species of reptiles, Ichthyosaurs. Greek for “fish lizards”, these fossils were found all over the world. Because these large aquatic reptiles migrated just as whales do today, paleontologists have had the amazing advantage of collecting fascinating bone fragments throughout the past 177 years. Ichthyosaurs swam the ocean life from about 245 million until about 90 million years ago- approximately the same time dinosaurs ruled the land....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Debate Over Birds and Feathered Dinosaurs

- The Debate Over Birds and Feathered Dinosaurs Because dinosaurs are animals that lived millions of years ago, we are entirely dependent on the fossils that they have left behind for any understanding that we hope to gain. As any paleontologist will tell you, fossil hunting is difficult. There are no certainties, no guarantees. A certain amount of luck is as valuable as any scientific knowledge. Every so often a discovery is made that attempts to shake up pre-conceived notions of how the dinosaurs actually lived or how they came to be....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Implications of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Toumai) Discovery

- Implications of the Sahelanthropus Tchadensis (Toumai) Discovery Compared to the complete history of life on earth, human history is relatively brief. The earth is billions of years old and living organisms probably appeared some two to four billion years ago. Many different kinds of animals have been inhabiting the earth for hundreds of millions of years. Early hominids which are human like creatures are thought to have originated just 5 million years ago and modern humans around 100,000 years ago....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand

- Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand The Sioux Indians are a large Indian group, located North of Mexico. The actual Sioux name, Nadouessioux means little snakes. The Sioux Indians moved from the east and then ended up near the Mississippi, then moved again to somewhere around Dakota, a little north of Mexico. They referred to themselves as the Otecti Cacowin (Seven Council Fires) because they had 7 council divisions. They were Mdewakantons, Wahpekutes, Wahpetons, Sissetons, Yanktons, Yanktonais, and the Tentons....   [tags: Social Issues, Anthropology, History]

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The History of Earth's Mass Extinctions

- The History of Earth's Mass Extinctions The four billion year history of earth has witnessed five mass extinctions, and some scientists believe that we are on the verge of the sixth.1[1] If we are in the midst of the next mass extinction, we are in the very early stages of an evolving, and escalating process. The most recent, or fifth mass of the extinctions occurred 65 million years ago at the boundary between the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods. Images of an asteroid colliding with the planet, decimating the dinosaur population have been in circulation since the early 80’s.2[2] Being the most recent mass extinction, thousands of scientists around the world have investigated it, and el...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Warm Blooded Versus Cold Blooded Dinosaurs

- Warm Blooded Versus Cold Blooded Dinosaurs               At a time, scientists believed all dinosaurs were cold-blooded.  However, with a recent discovery of a dinosaur found with a fossilized heart in the northern part of South Dakota in 1993, many paleontologists are starting to think that there were some dinosaurs that were warm blooded.              Dinosaurs were first believed to be cold-blooded because they were thought to be related closely to reptiles which are cold-blooded creatures.  Cold-blooded animals don’t actually have “cold” blood, instead they rely on the temperature from their environment to regulate their own body temperature.  They do this by taking advantage of exter...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Examination of The Winton Dinosaur Project

- Examination of The Winton Dinosaur Project Findings in the Queensland, Australia Winton Dinosaur project show that the sauropod named "Elliot" may have died with his mate by his side (Salleh 2003). Anna Salleh from ABC Science Online discusses the new fossil evidence found by Dr. Steve Salisbury from the University of Queensland, who is one of the leading researchers on the Winton Project (2003). Dr. Alex Cook and assistants Scott Hocknull and Dr. Steve Salisbury lead the Winton Project. Elliot is one of the largest dinosaurs found to date in Australia, dating to about 98-95 million years ago (Beirne 2001)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Debate Over Dinosaur Nostril Positioning

- The Debate Over Dinosaur Nostril Positioning Where should the nostril on dinosaur models be placed. Although it seems like a rather simple question, it is a topic that has been recently researched so that scientists can feel reassured in creating anatomically correct models of dinosaurs. Amniotes (a group which in the Triassic spilt into reptiles and synapsids and which include dinosaurs), have large nasal openings, but since the nostril is made up of flesh and cartilidge, it is almost always not preserved in the fossil record (Lauren and Gauthier 1996)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Implications of the Dinosaur Heart Discovery

- Implications of the Dinosaur Heart Discovery The article from Science News, “Telltale Dino Heart Hints at Warm Blood”, by Tina Hesman and the Journal article it was based on from Science, ”Cardiovascular Evidence for an Intermediate or Higher Metabolic Rate in an Ornithischian Dinosaur”, by Paul Fisher and others both offer a new perspective on the topic to be discussed, however there are some key differences between the two articles. How the two articles differ will be discussed later on in the paper....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Ardipithecus Ramidus Kadabba: The Oldest Hominid

- Ardipithecus Ramidus Kadabba: The Oldest Hominid There was a chief new discovery of fossil bones and teeth belonging to the earliest human ancestors ever discovered. The fossil bones predate the oldest formerly discovered human ancestor by more than a million years. The discovery was of fossil remains of a hominid that lived in present day Ethiopia between 5.2 and 9.8 million years ago. (Hominids include all species following the split as of the chimpanzees on the “human” side of the evolutionary tree.) “Analyses of the hominid indicate that they belonged to a previously unidentified species, which anthropologist Yohannes Haile-Selassie of the Cleveland Museum of Natura...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Inaccurate Portrayal of the Dinosaur Face

- Inaccurate Portrayal of the Dinosaur Face As time goes on, Paleontologists discover more and more fossil remains, and with that more and more information about dinosaurs. Yet even with the great deal of fossils that have been discovered in the past century, scientists are still forced to make educated guesses about certain dinosaur behaviors, traits, and appearance. Dr. Lawrence Witmer’s recent research addresses this issue. Dr. Witmer argues that the fleshy nostril of dinosaurs lies in a different place than has been assumed and portrayed for over the last one hundred years....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Theropod Discovery Challenges the Dinosaur-to-Bird Theory

- Theropod Discovery Challenges the Dinosaur-to-Bird Theory For years, it has been believed that Dinosaurs are ancestors of modern day birds. By simply looking at pictures of dinosaurs, one can find many physical similarities between these reptiles and modern day birds. Often the legs and the chest cavities are very similar in shape. Some dinosaurs have limbs that look like they could evolve into modern day wings, some dinosaurs even had feathers (6). A recent discovery in Italy of an extremely well preserved Scipionyx samniticus challenges this idea....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Himalayan Herders: The Significance of Latitudinality

- Himalayan Herders: The Significance of Latitudinality Melvyn Goldstein and Donald Messerschmidt, the authors of "The Significance of Latitudinality in Himalayan Mountain Ecosystems" argues that the altitude oriented "mixed mountain agriculture" model where mountain people move to higher altitudes in the summer and lower ones in the summer does not accurately reflect many areas of the Himalayans (Goldstein and Messerschmidt, 117). Instead, latitudinality lies at the core of cultural adaptation to the high altitude mountain ecosystem for many native Nepalese (Goldstein and Messerschmidt, 126)....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology Essays]

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The Importance of Dinosaur Discoveries

- The Importance of Dinosaur Discoveries When a paleontologist makes a discovery about Dinosaurs it is usually a celebrated event and will appear on all sorts of covers of magazines and even newspapers, with good reason. These discoveries are often quite exciting for a few reasons. The whole experience of finding a fossil that is hundreds of millions of years old is quite an adrenaline rush, but the fact that each discovery has the ability to answer questions in relation to evolution is quite amazing....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Mammalian Nature of Whales

- The Mammalian Nature of Whales There is a moment that comes to many of us as children; it’s a defining moment, a moment that takes us across the threshold from innocence to knowledge. It can be bittersweet, disillusioning, or perhaps revelatory for the child. It’s the moment when we learn that a whale is, in fact, not a fish, but a mammal. A mammal. We think. But how can that be. They’re—well, they should be fish. So what if they breathe air and nurse their young. A child hearing this may find something fundamentally wrong with the concept of whale-as-mammal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Characteristics and Behaviors of Pterosaurs

- Characteristics and Behaviors of Pterosaurs Overview Pterosaurs were not dinosaurs but were closely related, and existed for 150 million years beginning in the late Triassic period through the Jurassic and Cretaceous periods until eventually becoming extinct along with the rest of the earth’s population at what is now known as the KT boundary event. The KT boundary event was the mass extinction that occurred at some point in time between the Cretaceous (K) and the Tertiary (T). This is famous because it marks the end of the 160 million years of dinosaur life....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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A New Species of Whale

- Questions Surrounding a New Species of Whale During the month of September in 1998 an amazing and unique discovery was found by a group of scientists when they went out to the Sea of Japan. There, they collected the carcass of a medium sized baleen whale. This was the ninth specimen needed to complete the research on discovering this new species. This species of the baleen whale did resemble the fin whale, another species of the baleen whale. However, this carcass was much smaller in size. After comparing DNA data of the external morphology, osteology, and mitochondrial, scientists were able to classify all they found into a new and different species....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Ancient Penguin Discoveries and Evolution

- Ancient Penguin Discoveries and Evolution In a recent BBC News article, Ivan Noble discusses the possibility that ancient penguins may hold the key to unlocking the mysteries behind the complicated molecular clock of evolution. Although a seemingly unlikely animal to research, prehistoric penguin remains in the Antarctic often have been the basis for study, research, as well as debate in the modern science world. Because the prehistoric relatives of the cute and cuddly modern day birds have colonies that are “characterized by high densities and high mortality”, large deposits of the subfossil bones “have been serially preserved in the cold Antarctic environment” (Lambert & Rit...   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Majungatholus Atopus: A Dinosaur Cannibal

- Majungatholus Atopus: A Dinosaur Cannibal The dinosaur Majungatholus atopus is a meat-eating dinosaur that lived 65 to 70 million years ago, during the Cretaceous period, in what is now the island of Madagascar. The Majungatholus has long been known for being a carnivorous dinosaur, but it wasn’t until recently that researchers revealed that this dinosaur was probably a cannibal. They were able to conclude that this was probably the case as a result of discovering several bones of the Majungatholus dinosaur with specific tooth marks in them that researchers have proven belonged to the Majungatholus dinosaur....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Cannibalism as a Sexual Disorder

- Cannibalism as a Sexual Disorder Cannibalism occurs prevalently in both Tarzan and Heart of Darkness, and is a controversial topic with which the public is largely unfamiliar. Although cannibalism is generally thought of in a primitive animal sense, experts have revealed that cannibalism can be identified as a sexual disorder (O’Connor). A cannibal is scientifically classified as an anthropophagus (“Anthropophagus”), which falls under the category of Anthropophagy. Anthropophagy by definition is the sexual gratification by consumption of human flesh or blood....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Theories on Dinosaur Extinction

- Theories on Dinosaur Extinction What killed the dinosaurs. Several theories have been brought up over time to answer this question. It has been of vast interest to many scientists how creatures the size of the dinosaurs could have been wiped out of existence. Proposed Theories Climate Change Theory Some scientists propose that climate change was killing the dinosaurs before the famous asteroid struck. Fossil evidence shows that the average temperature had dropped from 25 degrees Celsius to 15 degrees Celsius and that the amount of annual rainfall had decreased....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica

- Dinosaur Fossils in Antarctica Millions and millions of years ago the continents lay together as one super-continent known as Pangea. As time went on and the plates underneath the Earth began to separate, the continents land moved towards the poles where glaciation occurred. Glaciation is the process in which glaciers were formed during the ice age. Glaciation causes a drop in temperature which in turn causes water to freeze and form many layers of ice (http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Palaeofiles/Permian/intro.html, 1)....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Evolution of Whales

- The Evolution of Whales The origin of modern day whales, a mystery that has puzzled paleontologists for years, may have just been solved with the discovery of an ankle bone. This discovery might sound simple and unimportant, but the bones of these ancient animals hold many unanswered questions and provide solid proof of origin and behavior. The relationship between whales and other animals has proven to be difficult because whales are warm-blooded, like humans, yet they live in the sea. The fact that they are warm-blooded suggests that they are related to some type of land animal....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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Africans in Colonial Mexico

- Africans in Colonial Mexico The history of Africans in Mexico is an oft-neglected facet of the cultural complexities of that country. In 1519, Hernando Cortes brought 6 African slaves with him to Mexico; these individuals served the conquest as personal servants, carriers, and laborers.[1] In the years to come, slavery would become a critical component of the colonial economy with approximately 2,000 slaves arriving each year 1580-1650; it is estimated that a total of 200,000 Africans were brought to Mexico during the colonial period.[2] Given this large number of slaves, the lengthy period of their importation, and the inevitable mixing of races, which took place throughout the colony,...   [tags: Research Papers Anthropology]

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Traditional vs. Modern Society

- Traditional vs. Modern Society In today's world, the modern person is educated, independent and aggressive. To be a success, you must put forth your most competitive side and win it all. Nothing less will be permitted. This is the mindset of most business tycoons, stockbrokers and the like. However, on the other side of the globe, third world countries follow a more traditional lifestyle where the outlook on life is a little less malicious. In these countries, the society's idea of success is being part of a large family with prosperous crops and livestock....   [tags: Anthropology Culture Society Essays]

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Barbara Anderson's First Fieldwork

- Barbara Anderson's First Fieldwork Précis: “First Fieldwork” 1. Where did Barbara Anderson’s fieldwork take place and what was the goal of her research. Barbara Anderson’s fieldwork took place in the fishing village of Taarnby, Denmark on the island of Amager in the Oresund in the 50’s. The goal of her research was to publish the unseen side of fieldwork. She wanted to share the personal and professional sides of fieldwork with the reader. She went to the island to help her husband study culture change....   [tags: Barbara Anderson Anthropology Essays]

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Cultural Analysis of Brazil

- Cultural Analysis of Brazil Brief History The Portuguese colonized Brazil in the 1500. The Native tribes originally occupied the land, became slaves along with the Africans after the colonization. In 1822 Brazil became independent and slavery was abolished. An end came to the royal family in 1889 and a dictator ruled throughout the 1950's. After a great deal of turnover civilian rule was created in 1985. Geography Location. Brazil is located in South America and is the largest nation in the continent covering 3,286,470 square miles....   [tags: Culture Geography Anthropology History]

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Reflexivity

- Reflexivity When an ethnographer examines a group of people, she is influenced by her position and understanding of her own culture. Before an ethnographer even begins her research, her opinion is effecting the process of selecting a topic. For instance, Anthropology’s most commonly known researcher Bronslow Malinowsky wrote the Argonauts of the Western Pacific. He did not choose to study a culture similar to his own because of the interest he had in the ‘exotic’. His preferences told him to pick a more remote group of people, the Trobriand Islanders....   [tags: Renato Resaldo Ethnographer Anthropology Essays]

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Ethnography: Ainu

- Ethnography: Ainu Worldview      The Ainu, Japan’s native aboriginal people, are very much an isolated people, living now only in the northern island of Japan, Hokkaido. They number, as of a 1984 survey, 24,381, continuing a rise from a low point in the mid nineteenth century due to forced labor and disease, and have largely left their old ways and integrated into standard Japanese society, though even the majority of those still reside in Hokkaido. The animistic religion of the Ainu is firmly enmeshed with every other aspect of the culture....   [tags: Cultural Anthropology]

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Cannibalism Among Dinosaurs

- Cannibalism Among Dinosaurs Typically, when an individual browses through various newspapers or watches the evening news they are most likely to see or hear some new and groundbreaking news concerning a scientific breakthrough. As I was looking through various scientific journals I came across an article that caught my eye for numerous reasons, but one in particular. The heading of the article read, “Cannibal dinosaurs revealed by tooth marks.” These prehistoric creatures that have been viewed by the public for centuries as being wild and ferocious beasts, are presently being seen more then just that....   [tags: Anthropology Essays Paleontology Papers]

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The Country of Liberia

- The Country of Liberia This paper is about a small country on the west coast of Africa called Liberia. It is a country built with the help of The American Colonization Society. It was established to place freed blacks in the days of slavery in the United States in the 1800s. The government was modeled after the United States. Monrovia, the capital and principal, port is named after a president of the united states, James Monroe. This country has historical significance for african Americans. As Africa's oldest republic, established by former black American slaves, Liberia played and important role as a model for African colones seeking independence....   [tags: Africa Profile Geography Anthropology Essays]

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Cosquer Cave

- Cosquer Cave Around 27,000 years ago it is believed that large glaciers were spread across the Alps. These glaciers were so large and held such a large quantity of water that the sea level of the Mediterranean dropped some 100 meters. When the opening of the cave was revealed, men entered the cave and drew amazing paintings and drawings along the walls. When the earth became warm again the glaciers melted, and the sea level rose. The cave entrance was once again covered up by 37 meters of water....   [tags: Anthropology Research Papers]

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Cultural Tattoos

- Tattoos and Their Cultural Relevance For as long as there have been people, there have been methods of distinction amongst them. Throughout the years we have discovered ways in which to express our beliefs, our ideals, and our passions. Tattooing has been one of forefront methods in expressing our humanity, or in certain cases, our lack there of. For so many, they have taken on many different representations, each with an equal level of significance. The importance found in the symbolism of tattoos and their cultural relevance has consistently been a trend found throughout history, religion, and art....   [tags: Tattoos anthropology history ]

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Taiwan Overview

- Taiwan Overview Taiwan is a small island country located east of China. It is also commonly known as the Republic of China, Taiwan is best known for overthrowing communist Chinese rule and becoming an independent, democratic country. While many Americans do not possess much knowledge about his island, its history and other facts can be truly interesting. The modern history of Taiwan begins in the last decade of the 16th century when a Portuguese ship passed the island and the crew dubbed the island "Ilha Formosa" which translates into "beautiful island"....   [tags: History Anthropology Taiwan]

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Canadian Culture

- Canadian Culture Canada is one of two countries located in North America and is the second largest country in the world. It is situated just north of the United States and constitutes the northern part of the country, excluding Alaska. Over the years Canada's culture has been influenced by European culture and traditions, mainly that of the French and British. Canadian culture has also been influenced by the countries' first people, the Aboriginals, as well as the newer immigrated population (Wikipedia, 2007)....   [tags: Culture Anthropology Canada Canadian]

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Culture

- Throughout the complex yet recognised studies upon sociological phenomena, the term ‘culture’ continues to astound anthropological revisions. Whether or not a definition of ‘culture’ can be determined, or merely the exact forces which bring about such an abstract entity, the concept that culture exists can be acknowledged with focus to structural functionalism. The precise justification for culture itself began to enlighten anthropologists such as Durkheim, who in turn has encouraged studies from Malinowski and Parsons for instance....   [tags: Anthropology, Durkheim, Functionalism]

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Australopithecus

- Australopithecus There are many types of the hominid called australopithecus, which means southern apes. These were small ape-like creatures(with a height between 107cm and 152cm) that showed evidence of walking upright. It is difficult to tell whether these begins are "humans" or "apes". Many of their characteristics are split between humans and apes. The many species of australopithecus include A.(australopithecus) ramidus, A. anamenesis, A. afarensis, A. africanus, A ....   [tags: Informative, Anthropology]

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Ethnography

- Ethnography Works Cited Missing Reflexivity is a qualitative method of research that takes an ethnography one step further, displaying the personal thoughts and reflections of the anthropologist on his informants. Ethnographies generally take an outside or foreign perspective of a culture, like reading a text, and reflexivity introduces a new component of inside description. Here, the anthropologist may describe personal interactions and experiences with natives and use this inside information to make additional conclusions about the people being studied....   [tags: Reflexivity Anthropology Essays]

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Diversity

- Diversity      Diversity can be defined as a situation that includes representation of multiple and ideally all groups within a prescribed environment, such as a workplace (University of Maryland, 2000). The success of an organization depends on the workforce of the organization. A workforce made up of diverse individuals from different backgrounds can bring the best talent to an organization. There are many types of diversity and demographic characteristics and each one has an impact on individual behavior....   [tags: Ethnicity Race Anthropology Diverse Essays]

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