Question 1: What makes the discipline of anthropology qualitative in nature?
Anthropology delves into the complexities of human societies, with a holistic approach to their culture and development. In doing so, the anthropological researcher ethically focuses on all human aspects and favours an approach that is centred on collecting and analysing data which is mostly non-numerical and rich in accumulative detail. Unlike in other scientific disciplines which favour quantitative research methods, anthropological researchers prefer using participant-observation techniques, as well as an emic approach in order to gain insight into the lives of the people being studied.
STUDY UNIT 2
Question 2: Identify the three paradigmatic styles of ethnography and briefly outline the key components of each.
The holistic paradigm is separated into four distinct schools of thought, namely universalism, particularism, structuralism and functionalism. Universalism looks at a society’s history over time in order to assess its development, which in turn allows the researcher to find similarities and make comparisons across various cultures. The primary focus of particularism is on the local or ancestral heritage of culture through the generations. Structuralism emphasises the scientific aspects of culture and views the cultural dynamic as a series of cause-and-effect relationships between the various elements which comprise the system. The functionalist school of thought highlights the seven basic biological human needs as the motivation for every aspect of culture in a society. As with the other distinctions of the holistic paradigm, functionalism also encompasses the idea of researching the culture as a whole, however, it places emphasis o...
... middle of paper ...
...ensuing events. If we were to attempt to conduct anthropological research that would yield results that are completely devoid of subjectivity, we would need to remove the human element of our research and it would be better conducted by artificial intelligence. This, however, goes against what we believe anthropology stands for. It is the humanistic elements and the human perspective that allows us to truly connect to other cultures and to gain insight into the various elements that build these societies. Nancy Scheper-Hughes made an ethical decision based on her own moral principles whilst taking into consideration not her own well-being, but that of the people she was researching. I find her actions admirable, but I also recognise the dangers associated with these actions and I believe that it is important to consider one’s one well-being when conducting fieldwork.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Qualitative methods can be traced back to the ancient Greek historians. Herodotus, who is often called the father of history, traveled widely in the ancient world and recounted in his Histories the stories he had heard from the people he met. His successors down the ages recorded their observations of people that they encountered in their travels. These kinds of observations eventually became formalized in the discipline of anthropology. In clinical research, qualitative methods were first used in case histories, for instance, Breuer and Freud’s (1895/1955) first cases, which began the psychoanalytic tradition, and Watson and Rayner’s (1920) study of ‘‘Little Albert,’’ which helped establish... [tags: History, Greek]
1663 words (4.8 pages)
- Political Science has many definitions. Some would say it is simply a game of rhetoric but at its hearth it can be defined as a discipline that studies public polices, political behaviors, governments and political behavior. As a social science, the process used to acquire information includes a combination of several approaches. Political Science uses case studies, historical, constitutional, and institutional contexts, comparative case studies and also quantitative/qualitative methods. In the area of race, political science can have the tendency to overlook racial inequality as an issue.... [tags: Sociology, Anthropology, Race, Science]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- There is a lot of conflict to the question “is anthropology a science?” A lot of this conflict leads from defining what a science is, in the dictionary science is, “a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts or truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws.” (Dictionary.com, 2011) Anything that can be studied is considered a science. Without science anthropology would be nearly impossible to study, science makes everything quantifiable.... [tags: Anthropology ]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- Development of Anthropology as a Discipline in the United States I. Early History of Anthropology in the United States 1870-1900 “The roots of anthropology lie in the eye-witness accounts of travelers who have journeyed to lands on the margins of state-based societies and described their cultures and in the efforts of individuals who have analyzed the information collected. In the late 1960’s and early 1970’s, a number of anthropologists recognized that the practice of anthropology was intimately linked to commerce and colonial expansion.” (Patterson 1) There were essentially three “schools” of anthropological thinking by the First World War and after.... [tags: Anthropology History Essays]
1567 words (4.5 pages)
- The purpose of this research is to critically analyze the various components of forensic anthropology and odontology in order to obtain an accurate understanding of the overall reliability of these disciplines. Research obtained from various sources including, textbook, peer reviewed articles and the National Academy of Sciences Report are examined in an attempt to explain how the field of forensic odontology, more specifically the discipline of bite mark analysis is not considered to be a reliable or creditable source in the criminal justice system.... [tags: critical analysis, discipline reliability]
2815 words (8 pages)
- ... Many fields like the idea of qualitative research because it tends to access the questions about peoples ways of life with regards to how they organize and interact to the world around them. Researchers in fields as strongly diverse as that of education, nursing, psychology, sociology, anthropology and marketing research, are common fields in which qualitative research can found to be used. These fields tend to look for the answers in which quantitative research might not be useful, allowing the fields to access thought and opinions, over that or numbers and statics.... [tags: Qualitative research, Scientific method]
2296 words (6.6 pages)
- What is anthropology. When I was signing up for classes that is what I wondered myself. It is not an easy subject to fully understand for me at the least. It is all confusing to me. I feel like it can be hard to study a human when obviously you are a human yourself, I am sure it is easy to miss important and helpful information that would clarify research of humans. It is the research of humanity from its evolutionary origins to today’s cultural diversity. It is not only studying the past but the present of human kind.... [tags: Anthropology, Culture, Sociology]
1674 words (4.8 pages)
- Conflict and Resolution in Herbert's Discipline George Herbert’s struggle to be humble enough to fully accept God’s undying love can be located within each of his poems. The way in which Herbert conveys this conflict is by utilizing structure as well as metaphysical techniques. This combination of literary devices creates a physical reality that allows Herbert, or the poetic speaker, to “make his feelings immediately present” (245). These devices, at first, appear to be artificial and contradictory to the poet’s goal of making God’s word visible.... [tags: discipline]
1286 words (3.7 pages)
- Anthropology Today In society today, the discipline of anthropology has made a tremendous shift from the practices it employed years ago. Anthropologists of today have a very different focus from their predecessors, who would focus on relating problems of distant peoples to the Western world. In more modern times, their goal has become much more local, in focusing on human problems and issues within the societies they live. This paper will identify the roles anthropologists today play, such as where they perform the bulk of their work, and what it is they do in both problem solving, as well as policy making.... [tags: Anthropology]
1735 words (5 pages)
- Anthropology Works Cited Missing Anthropology is a discipline studying flux and change in human communities and definitions of identity, mirroring the dynamic play of modernist reconceptualizations of meaning. As an academic discipline, anthropology demands a realization of the interconnectedness between human groups, a heightened abstraction of vocabulary and tools with which to articulate these connections, and self reflexive sensitivity to its history. In this same vein, modernism, as a movement of avant-garde ideas and art forms, draws community to study of itself, demands its own vocabulary of critique, and harkens back to the history of events that prompted the movement.... [tags: Anthropological Culture Essays]
367 words (1 pages)